Validating a measure of teacher technology integration niegerian for dating


21-Sep-2019 03:13

It is to be considered that these devices should be a maintained and carried on process given they are effective in enhancing schools, increasing teacher quality, and boosting student achievement (Day, 1999; Hargreaves, 2000; Opfer & Pedder, 2011; Verloop, 2003).Hoyle and John (1995) identify teachers' professional development in their book named "," as "the process by which teachers obtain the knowledge, skills and values which will enhance the service they provide to them" (Hoyle & John, 1995, p. Vonk (1991) debates that teacher professional development is the process of acquiring skills, professional knowledge, values and personal qualities that provides teachers to reconcile within the educational system.As teachers fulfill important professional roles, they need valid instruments to assess their day-to-day functioning in the class.With the instrument developed and validated in the current research, we, in fact, allow language teachers to assess their extent of professional development in different pedagogical contexts.By taking this organizational and contextualized approach, we relate most writers on the concern (see e.g. Cormany, Maynor, and Kalnin (2005), Mcdonough (2006).

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In order to be influential teachers, teachers require possessing different professional developmentskills along with the knowledge of their subject matter and teaching experiences.Garet, Desimone, Birman, and Yoon (2001) have argued vital features of professional development activities that have significant, positive effects on teachers’ self-reported increases in knowledge and skills and changes in classroom action: (a) focus on content knowledge; (b) opportunities for active learning; and (c) communication with other learning activities.